Fulbright Foreign Student Fellow
Doctoral Candidate

BA, Sociology, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

MA, Sociology, Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

MA, Sociology, University of Chicago


My dissertation seeks to advance the intersection between social epidemiology and political sociology by understanding how exposure to institutional and policy contexts throughout the life course can moderate the way social stratification shapes health inequalities. In particular, I explore (1) how early exposure to the country of origin and later contact with the state of destination interact in shaping Latin American immigrants' health in the United States; (2) how state-level policies in the US moderate the effect that counties' historical trajectories in the social determinants of health have over health inequalities throughout time; and (3) the way exposure to policies affecting older adults moderates the detrimental effect of loneliness over health in old age. On the side, I am also interested in understanding people’s attitudes towards social policy in general, with a particular focus on health care systems, shedding light on the nuances of the deservingness heuristic in this specific policy area.

Selected Publications

Calvo, Esteban, Ariel Azar & Ursula M. Staudinger. “A New Path to Address Multimorbidity? Longitudinal Analyses of Retirement Sequences and Chronic Diseases in Old Age.” Journal of Applied Gerontology (online first).

Madero-Cabib, Ignacio, Ariel Azar and Josefa Guerra. 2021. “Simultaneous employment and depressive symptom trajectories around retirement age in Chile.” Aging & Mental Health (online first).

Madero-Cabib, Ignacio, Ariel Azar, and Claudia Bambs. 2021. “Lifetime Employment, Tobacco Use, and Alcohol Consumption Trajectories and Cardiovascular Diseases in Old Age.” SSM - Population Health 13:100737. doi: 10.1016/j.ssmph.2021.100737.

Azar, Ariel, Ursula M. Staudinger, Andrea Slachevsky, Ignacio Madero-Cabib, and Esteban Calvo. 2019. “From Snapshots to Movies: The Association Between Retirement Sequences and Aging Trajectories in Limitations to Perform Activities of Daily Living.” Journal of Aging and Health 31(2):293–321. doi: 10.1177/0898264318782096.