Teaching is an integral part of the graduate student experience at the University of Chicago. In the Sociology department, graduate students become teaching assistants after completing their second year of study. In these positions, students discuss course design, teach under supervision of a faculty member, and review student work. Students with masters' degrees and those who have previous experience as assistants can participate in teaching internships. Teaching interns have increased responsibility for course design, student evaluations, and class sessions.

Students who have completed the internship level of the teaching program are eligible for consideration as solo instructors of undergraduate courses. In keeping with Chicago's interdisciplinary tradition, many students teach in the College's famous undergraduate "core" program, which offers both internships and independent lectureships. The Sociology department also offers the Robert Park Lectureships. These are competitive awards for students proposing to teach advanced undergraduate courses in their areas of specialty.

Teaching opportunities also occur outside of the University of Chicago. Quite a number of Chicago students teach courses in various colleges and universities throughout the Chicago area. Most students will have several different types of teaching experience by the time they graduate. The Chicago Center for Teaching offfers training and workshops for graduate student teachers.